Building a house is a time consuming and expensive process. Developers have begun to adapt their traditional methods to technological developments. Developers are exploring the world of 3D printing world of construction also known as 3D printing.

House 3D printers use paste extrusion to build houses. It is a similar technology to the one that FFF 3D printers use. Paste-type material, such as concrete or mud, is pushed through the house 3D printer’s nozzle in layers. 3D printing in the construction industry helps save time, effort and material. However, construction 3D printers are not yet capable of creating a fully functional house. Indeed, only the frame and walls of the house are built– other elements, such as electricity or indoor plumbing, need to be manually installed.

How to build 3D printed house?

House 3D printers use extrusion technology. Some models’ appearance can be compared with super-sized desktop FFF/FDM 3D printers, whereas others consist of a rotating mechanical arm. Paste-type components, such as concrete or earth, are used as filament. Material is pushed out of a special nozzle to form layers, designing the foundations and walls of the house or building.

Benefit of 3D printed house

House 3D printing offers significant advantages compared with traditional buildings:

Ecological: 3D printed houses can be built with organic, eco-friendly materials. Moreover, some house 3D printers use solar energy and generate low CO2 emissions.
Social: house 3D printers can build affordable houses using earth materials, being of great aid for people in poverty-stricken regions.
Economical scaling: house 3D printing reduces certain building costs. For example, the cost for 1 square meter of wall using traditional construction methods is approximately $75, whereas with the Apis Cor house 3D printer it is only $27.

Efficient: since the materials needed to 3D print a house are 3D printed on demand, the machines produce less waste. In addition, it is possible to recycle construction materials.

Source: Aniwaa

Fulya Altunyay/[email protected]